NAURU
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Constitution, Government & Legislation | Courts & Judgments | Human Rights
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map courtesy CIA World Factbook; click for enlargement Constitution, Government & Legislation

The Republic of Nauru, a small Pacific island with approximately 10,500 inhabitants, gained independence in 1968, at which time it adopted a modified form of parliamentary democracy. The country is governed by a unicameral Parliament. The Nauru Island Council (NIC) was dissolved in 1999 by virtue of the Nauru Island Council (Dissolution) Act of 1999--that all assets and liabilities would vest in the Government of Nauru. The Parliament, which is elected at least triennially and consists of 18 members from 14 constituencies, is responsible for national and international matters. It elects the President, who is both Chief of State and Head of Government, from among its members.

Source: U.S. Department of State

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Courts & Judgments

The Supreme Court of Nauru is the highest court when addressing constitutional issues; it is presided over by a judge who is also the Chief Justice of Nauru. Appeals against decisions of the Supreme Court on miscellaneous matters go to the Appellate Court of Nauru, which is comprised of two judges. Parliament cannot overturn court decisions. Cases may be brought before the High Court of Australia on Criminal and Civil Actions by virtue of the Appeals Act; however, legal decisions rarely are so reviewed. The District Court is presided over by a Resident Magistrate, who is also the Registrar of the Supreme Court. The Family Court is also presided by the Resident Magistrate as Chairman of a three- member panel. There are two other quasi-courts established under the Constitution: The Public Service Appeal Board and the Police Appeal Board. Both are presided over by the Chief Justice of Nauru as the chairman of the panel with two members for each board.

Source: U.S. Department of State

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Human Rights

The Nauruan Government generally respected the human rights of its citizens, and the law and judiciary provide effective means of dealing with individual instances of abuse. Societal pressures limit women's economic opportunities.

Source: U.S. Department of State

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