In January, Afghanistan's lower house of parliament, narrowly approved [JURIST report] Habibullah Galib as the country's new Minister of Justice after rejecting the renomination of then incumbent Sarwar Danish [official profile]. Galib's appointment was described by the director of the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission [advocacy website] as a step backwards. In November, Afghan authorities announced that they had questioned two cabinet ministers [JURIST report] on corruption charges. Karzai had previously vowed to fight corruption [JURIST report] in his second term inaugural address amid pressure from the international community. Late last year, Afghanistan was ranked [JURIST report] the second most corrupt country in the world by Transparency International [advocacy website], behind only Somalia.
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